Delta Blues is one of the first blues styles which takes its name from the Mississippi Delta. Being a shaped region of northwestern delta of Mississippi State, between Vicksburg and Memphis. The term “delta” often leads to confusion with the Delta region of Mississippi River
The guitar; often played with a bottleneck and harmonica are the instruments used. Whilst a voice can be both introspective and melancholy or passionate and feverish.
The first Delta-Blues records date back to the late 1920s Primitive records often consist of one person singing and accompanied by an Instrument. Although the formation of a group was to be more common during live shows. The preservation of this musical heritage owes much to one person – John Lomax.
Delta Blues remains a style as much as a geographical designation. So, Skip James and Elmore James, who were not born in the delta are considered Delta blues musicians. In addition, this genre had overflowed its native range, and locating in other regions has created new styles. Examples of new styles would include Chicago and Detroit blues blues. Charley Patton and Robert Johnson remain the two major artists of this region to name a few.
Delta Blues Musicians
Several of the Delta Blues artists, such as Big Joe Williams, moved to Detroit and Chicago Blues, and created a pop-influenced city blues style. This was supplant by the new Chicago Blues sound in the early 1950s, pioneered by Delta Bluesmen Muddy Waters, Little Walter and Howlin’ Wolf, harking back to a Delta-influenced sound, but with amplified instruments.
Delta Blues had also greatly influenced the creation of British skiffle music, from which eventually came the British invasion bands, while also influencing British blues, which led to the birth of early hard rock and heavy metal. Dave Gahan of Depeche Mode stated that the album Delta Machine was inspired by Delta Blues.
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